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Both parents and experts have discovered that these gadgets will help alleviate anxiety and enhance attention in all children–not only people who have disabilities.

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Mp3 Players Just Keep Getting Stranger: A Look at the X-Mini Happy Speaker


This assignment recently came across my desk, and my head perked up all of a sudden. Anyone who knows me knows that I am a huge fan of music. I can’t get enough of it. I probably spend a good 8 hours a day with a set of headphones on my head (which will be a review for another time…I’m planning on ordering a particular brand of headset, and I’ll give you the inside scoop when they arrive).
Music transforms me. I own thousands of mp3 files (all purchased / obtained legally, thank you – support your local artist), and music is capable of evoking the most amazing range of emotions inside me. So when I saw the chance to review an mp3 player, I jumped at the chance. As it turns out, the mp3 player from  Holoplot in question – the X-Mini Happy Speaker – evoked an emotion in me all right. It evoked a sense of incredulity.

I’m not the most fashionable guy. I know that, and I accept it as part of who I am. When I find a t-shirt that I like, I buy a dozen of them, all identical. I like my technology to be solid, clunky, heavy pieces of stuff that I can take apart with a screwdriver and mess with. I barely – barely – survive owning an Apple ipod Nano, which is “artsy” enough (with its sleek design and retarded control wheel) to put me on edge; I only bought the thing because I needed something light to slip into my pocket as I worked out at the gym. But the X-Mini Happy Speaker?

Just look at it, for goodness sakes! Are you kidding me? Who designs this rubbish? Amazon is selling this thing for $80! Eighty bucks! Why don’t you just burn your money and skip the middleman?!

Okay, I’ll review it. But I don’t like it. It looks like it was designed by a mentally deficient chimp. Reluctantly – very, reluctantly – I’ll admit, it does have some positive aspects. I have to give it props for combining an mp3 player and a speaker into one unit. I’ll skip over the fact that the speaker always starts off at the loudest possible volume, or that navigating amongst the mp3s or attempting to organize them is, as far as I can tell, impossible. It starts, and it stops. The actual mp3s are stored on a flash memory card, which fits into either SD or micro SD slots on the device. It also possesses a cable that’s carefully hidden away underneath that you can unravel and hook up to another speaker.

Think about that for a moment. It’s a combination mp3 player and speaker. That’s what it has going for it. You can’t navigate or organize the mp3s, they always start playing as loud as possible, and the sound quality of the speaker is so awful that the designers had to include a cable so that you could, you know, connect the thing to a set of speakers that actually sounds halfway decent. There’s also a headphone jack – more bad news, isn’t this thing supposed to be its own speaker? About the only positive thing I can say about the device is that it collapses down like an accordion into a black, roughly spherical lump of plastic. Perfect for playing a game of rounders, or for smashing walnuts.


Functionality: 2 out of 10
Style / looks: 0 out of 10
Chances this will be a hit if American consumers have even one brain cell between them: 0 out of 10.

Don’t waste your money. By all means, buy music, and enjoy it. Just don’t try to be artsy and edgy by popping out this device at a social gathering. You’ll look like an idiot, and I’m beginning to suspect that was the designers secret agenda all along. Fail.

LightCMS for Designers


After you have signed up for a free account at, the first thing you will want to do is login to your new site. When you sign up, you choose the name of your site, and will start off being You can always decide to use a custom domain name whenever you are ready. To login, simply type “/login” at the end of your URL, and enter your user name/password credentials. The user name will be the email address you inserted upon sign up. When it’s time to add another website, don’t create a new account, but add the site through your account settings. This way you can manage all your sites with one login.
Now, it’s time to familiarize yourself with the graphical user interface and the administrative toolbar options. In this article, the goal is to fast-track your learning curve, but for a more in depth understanding of what LightCMS (asp .net cms) has to offer, you will want to set up your free 3 page website. They will provide you with online support sites, and a forum for more advanced users to congregate and share knowledge of the system.

You can always return to your home page administrative view by clicking on “My Website.” Just to the right of this, you will see the “My Account, Help, and Log-out” options. Below that, you will find the buttons “Content, Designs, Users, Settings, Pages, Stats, and Billing.” One more level below those, you will see “Page settings, Preview page, and Add a new page.” These tools are invaluable to you as you focus on the design of your website.

Take a moment to locate the Design Gallery where LightCMS offers over 75 template designs that you can customize and make changes to at no additional cost. This is a remarkable feature because in just a few short minutes, you can literally add new content to your live site right away, or even change the overall design in seconds.

First, click on the “Designs” button. On the next page, click on “Design Gallery” tab and take a look at all the web design templates LightCMS has to offer. Click on any template and from within the pop-up window, you should select “Add to My Designs.” Click “Ok” to continue.

Welcome to the “My Designs” area! This is the section where you will administer changes to the .html and CSS template files, add Google Analytics, or add LightCMS tokens. I’ll mention more about tokens in a moment. Click on a template and select “Apply” to load the design to your site. To enter the Design Manager where you have all the control over the code and style sheets, just click the “Edit” link after selecting a template within your “My Designs” section. All your files will be on the right, and the text editor will be on the left.

If you would rather take some time to design each page before the site is officially published, you will need to access the “Page Settings” of that page, click on the “Advanced” tab, and mark it as “hidden.” This feature allows you to focus on the look and feel of our page prior to it showing up on the main navigation bar. You can easily publish hidden pages by un-checking the hidden option.

To set your default template for the site, click on “Settings” and select a template file from the drop-down menu beneath, “Which template should this website use?” You can also choose this at the “Page Settings” level, but will need to find the “Advanced” tab and select either the “home” or “inside” template. You can always add more template files to choose from by using FTP access to upload your additional template files or custom design templates.

Don’t worry about making any mistakes in the Design Manager area because with LightCMS you can always “select a previous version to load.” Every saved version of your template files are archived, and these save states can be called to revert your template back to a prior state. You can also re-apply the template from the design gallery, or re-upload the custom design if necessary.

Tokens are system specific code blocks that perform special operations within the system. defines them in the following way.

“Tokens are the key to integrating dynamic content management functionality with your custom website designs. Tokens are small bits of code that our servers replace with dynamic content and functionality when the site is run on our system. The content that each token outputs can often be styled through your CSS files to meet your design objectives.”

Tokens allow for the creation of navigation items, editable content regions, search functionality, breadcrumb trails, login status, page titles, and more. These tokens will be highlighted yellow within the Design Manager Text Editor to help you locate them easily.

LightCMS makes it easy to upload a business logo, and this is likely one of the first steps you will take when you begin branding your website. Click on the “My Account” button on the middle toolbar, and then go to the “Account Settings,” and upload an image of your logo.

Adding a logo to any site is just as easy. Click “Settings,” go to the “Advanced” tab and upload a website logo in seconds.

There are many more features that I just don’t have the time to go into them all. Here are some further links to help you get started with LightCMS. I highly recommend giving this product a test drive. Having the opportunity to help others create and develop web pages has been a great joy for me, but best of all, I’ve been able to bring a deeper understanding of LightCMS to users who need a little guidance. We don’t hold your hand, but rather, we point you to the resources that will make you independently proficient with the product.

Article #1

How I Develop Successful Sales Teams


“Why can she go golfing in the middle of the work day?” was a common complaint during the summer months. My sales manager’s response to those who complained about my extra perks was very motivational. He always responded, “Because she made her sales for the month, if you make your sales for the month early you also can leave early”.
From that manager, I learned what positive motivation and incentives could achieve with a professional sales force. Management supported his efforts because his team always made their sales quotas early and they were motivated each month to achieve success.

The Sales Management Model

“The worker is not the problem. The problem is at the top! Management!” is a well know saying of Dr. Edward Deming the founder of Japanese business management. Through personal experience, I have found this belief to be true of most sales organizations. I have found that expecting successful sales professionals to continue to produce without continually adding additional incentives or recognitions when they meet sale quotas often leads to high staff turnovers and decreased sales.

A common mistake within most sales management models is the continued increase of sales quotas for successful sales staff without providing the motivation for them to succeed again. I have found that positive incentives and realistic sales increases keep top sales professionals continually motivated to succeed even when sales quotas are increased.

Sales are the lifeblood for any successful business and businesses should treat their most successful sales professionals as cherished employees. Sales professionals, who produce above expectations, are positive examples and require special rewards. This also motivates other sales team members to succeed. In this type of sales model, sales personnel that regularly do not meet quotas stand out and require retraining or termination.

A successful sale management model should always offer special rewards or bonuses to keep these sales professionals happy and continually motivated. Offering creative rewards such as optional end of the month time off or increased commission rates as staff surpasses certain levels of monthly quotas provides an excellent incentive to attract successful sale professionals and to keep them continually motivated.

Develop a Team

Finding sales professionals with excellent records of accomplishment is critical when creating a continuously motivated sales force. In my management of such personnel, I have discovered that hiring these successful professionals requires an active pursuit. Many of these high performance sales professionals are cherished by employers and are not seeking new employment.

Prior to recruiting sales staff, I always develop an outline of my ideal sales person. Hiring factors to consider include prior sales experience, key interpersonal skills to close sales and self-motivators who understand that rewards come with the completion of successful sales quotas.

Experience over College

In my career as a recruiter, I discovered that many human resource departments often eliminate successful sale personnel when college is a key consideration for hire. I prefer to dismiss college experience until all sales requirements are met. Certain businesses do require college educated sales professionals but a successful sale record and experience is always a first consideration.

More from this Contributor:

How to Turn a Hobby into a Business

Three Stock Investment Basics All Families Should Know

Passing Your Small Business Down to the Next Generation

Protecting College Savings from Taxation with a 529 Plan

How to Win  Personalised Diaries from Toad


University of Missouri: The Deming Library

Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago: Managing/Effecting the Recruitment Process

American Staffing Association: Staffing Facts

US Department of Labor: Diversifying Your Workforce Hiring Process

US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission: Business Practices

Research, Education and Economics Human Resources Division USDA: A Practical Guide for Selecting Officials

Web Standards, Semantic Markup and Cross-Browser Compatibility

I have been in the web design field for over eight years of my life now, and only recently has the importance of web semantics presented itself to me.
If you have ever cruised around the blogosphere, or the teen blogging realm of the internet, you may have seen things like “Valid XHTML” and/or “Valid CSS”. These terms are applied when a web developer takes accessability and following web standards into consideration.

At the forefront of validation and web semantics is, or the World Wide Web Consortium. This website recommends using valid, semantic markup to ensure cross-browser compatibility, as well as the accessibility factor of websites. W3C does not, however, create these rules and standards. That is the job of ISO, the International Organization for Standardization.

Let’s say that you are an up-and-coming web designer. You have several years of experience in dealing with HTML, CSS, and designing layouts. You are confused by all of the validation terms thrown about on your friend’s personal websites and blogs, and you want to know what this means, as well as how to utilize web standards in your own designs. In essence, validating your markup ensures that your website will look almost identical no matter what browser or resolution your visitors are using. It also ensures that disabled persons have easy access to your website, resulting in an overall better, more effective website. To know more about this, I do suggest you check out workshops from web development companies.

I used to not even bother with validating my CSS or my markup, and I used to only use one browser to test my designs in. My opinions on the subject have obviously changed, and most of that comes from acquiring more knowledge on the subject, and actually taking the time to understand it and utilize it. I used to think that people who validated put too much focus on everything being “perfect.” After I actually started to read about it, understand it further, and realize it’s importance, I quickly changed my views.

A lot of people don’t validate because they find the idea intimidating, which it can be if you don’t know anything about it. But in reality, it simply doesn’t make sense not to validate. Some people don’t even check to see what their websites look like in other browsers, which is just senseless and lazy.

Let’s pretend for a moment that you coded your entire website strictly for use in Internet Explorer. You’ve used iframes, and deprecated inline style classes to style your page. I, your visitor, use Mozilla Firefox, and I see your layout totally different. Your alignment is off due to using absolute positioning as opposed to incorporating Floats for a fluid layout, and you have used a chroma filter for transparency in your iframes. In Firefox, that same chroma filter shows up a hideous neon green. I most likely make ugly faces, and leave your site shortly thereafter never to return. These are things you should take into consideration when creating a visually cohesive, aesthetically pleasing design.

Despite the fact that Internet Explorer still dominates the browser market, (which to be honest, is beyond me) if your website is completely off in Opera, Safari, Mozilla Firefox, or any of the other dozens of less popular browsers out there, chances are pretty high that you won’t have as many return visitors as you would had you taken web standards into consideration. It’s not difficult to validate, which seems to be the biggest misapprehension regarding the subject. A lot of people don’t realize that sometimes all it takes is the correct doctype declaration, and adding a few forward slashes to close your tags. It’s obviously not always going to be that simple, but if you follow the right tutorials and use common sense while coding, you shouldn’t have to make that many changes to begin with.

Here are a few tips that would have helped me out greatly when I didn’t know a whole lot about validation; Follow valid tutorials from websites like Don’t use tutorial sites like that dish out badly written, deprecated markup. Always check your website in as many browsers as possible to ensure cross browser compatibility. Use external stylesheets linked to your pages, instead of repeating style tags on every page of your website. Run your HTML through HTML Tidy, and your CSS through CSS Tidy for the best optimization and compression. Finally, validate your markup and CSS with the validation services offered at W3C.

In closing, semantics, validation and compatibility are extremely important for maintaining a successful, professional and effective website.

Zoloft Side Effects I Have Experienced


Zoloft is a miracle drug to some, offering an escape from anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, depressive disorder, and panic disorder. I have personally been taking Zoloft for ten years. A little longer than the time I have been using my skin care product I bought with the help of vitamin c serum for face reviews.

I am very happy with Zoloft, but Zoloft does have side effects. It is really up to you to determine if these side effects outweigh the benefits of taking Zoloft.
One side effect that I have suffered from since I have been on Zoloft is excessive sweating. I know this is not something that you want to hear, but Zoloft does make you sweat more then you normally do. This is easily countered by dressing in a slightly cooler manner and making sure that you are using enough deodorant. I also recommend that you use baby powder if the sweating is a little out of control.

Another unfortunate side effect is the weight gain. I don’t know what it is about Zoloft, but I gained twenty five pounds since taking Zoloft. Weight gain is never fun, but it can be lessened. I found that by drinking a lot of water I was able to curb the hunger pangs that the Zoloft caused. I also increased my exercises regimen. While I am still up 25 pounds since I began taking Zoloft, I have to say for a 10-year run, that isn’t really that traumatic.

When you first begin taking Zoloft another side effect it causes is nausea. I was fortunate enough to not to experience that side effect. I do know some people who suffered from nausea. The good thing about this was that after a month on the medication the nausea subsided. I would recommend that you keep ginger tablets on hand if you do have this side effect.

I also occasionally suffer from insomnia, another common Zoloft side effect. I typically try to avoid all caffeine after twelve noon, and work hard not to oversleep in the morning if I have had a hard time falling asleep the night before.

Some people complain of suffering from headaches while on Zoloft. I have not had any increase in headaches since being on this medication. I have also never heard any of my friends who are on Zoloft complain of this side effect.

Other Zoloft side effects include, but are not limited to: dry mouth, dizziness, rash, anorexia, vomiting, fatigue, agitation, nervousness, somnolence, tremor, Constipation, anxiety and decreased libido.


5 Health tips that all Pregnant Women should know

5 Health tips that all Pregnant Women should know

Food is a major factor that determines the health of a woman when she is pregnant. Pregnant women are more than often advised to have an eye on their eating habits as it can have an impact on both mother and the baby. What the child has to receive is sent through the mother’s umbilical cord, and it is important that a woman doubly ensures what she is about to consume especially during her pregnancy. In case if you are expecting your baby and came here looking for some tips, then you are at the right place. These are the 5 simple things that you should have in mind during your pregnancy.

5 Health tips that all Pregnant Women should know

Make a list of what you shouldn’t eat:

A pregnant woman should always have a list of do’s and don’ts. In most cases, all of are aware of what we have to do. We only aren’t aware of certain things that we shouldn’t be doing. So the first thing that you have to do once you get the good news is to wait for the excitement to settle and make a list of food items that you should be eating. Paste it somewhere you will look every day. This way you can prevent yourself from gobbling something risky and unhealthy.

Eat every four hours:

Make sure that you eat at even intervals that will keep you from feeling hungry too soon. Remember that you are eating for two people now. It is imperative that you fill your tummy with something at least once in every four hours. But the crux lies here. You are expected to eat something healthy. Do not go for food items that are way too oily. This can affect your indigestion system. Snack on something that is healthy and at the same time filling.

Take the necessary components:

There are certain components that you cannot miss out on a regular basis. Make sure that you eat food items that are rich in fibre content. Eat fruits that are allowed and also make sure that you drink a lot of water and keep yourself hydrated. The next important thing is that you are supposed to ensure that food items are rich in vitamin and omega 3 components. In aren’t a strict vegan, make it a point to consume fish at least thrice a week.

Avoid Pills:

When you are pregnant, it is quite common that you might lack some of the major components and there might be an imbalance in your ideal health proportion. But this is no way means that you have to substitute them with vitamin or other tablets. Not all tablets are advised to consume at least when you are pregnant. In case if you feel it is necessary, then consult a doctor before you do so.

Beware of the foodborne diseases:

Sometimes gathering adequate information about the foodborne diseases that can affect a pregnant woman can help women better focus on their eating habits. We completely understand that sometimes it can be difficult tough to cope with certain cases that you might come across in papers and magazines, and sometimes seeing or hearing something negative can affect the mental well-being. Sometimes fear is good. You will adequate preventive measures to make sure that you and your baby are healthy. But we promise that once you make a note of the above points and follow it meticulously, you are sure to stay free from all these diseases.

How to Hire Professional PR Help

Do you need high quality and expensive PR help? Or do you need something basic, because most of the work you can on your own? These are some of the question you need to ask yourself before you go and solicit help from PR companies.
Here is a list of dos and don’t’s you can follow while selecting PR help:

Do use an agency if you feel like you need some real professional help and have the budget to do get some PR help.

Do consider using an agency if you spend more than $3000 a month on PR ventures. This money will go a long way with a professional PR company. You will really be getting your money’s worth while saving you time to do other things.

Do not hire a PR company if you’re trying to cut costs or stay within a certain budget. Getting outside PR help is always more expensive than doing it yourself. Keep on doing what you are doing and continue to advance your PR skills by learning and when you have your big break in the media then you can look into getting some professional PR help.

Do not hire a PR firm if you are just trying to save yourself time. It does save you some time, but you will still have to work with these people. You will still have to have phone conversations and in person meetings to discuss the direction of the material. Changes will have to be made and approved by you.

Do hire a PR company if your company is marketing oriented.

Do hire and agency if you need assistance in planning a special promo event, introducing a new product line and finding the appropriate target market.

Do hire a PR firm if you intend to thoroughly use all of its services especially if they are expensive.

Do hire a PR agency if you get stuck in a rut. Sometimes we can just run out of fresh, innovative and creative ideas. If you are currently in this boat and can afford it get some PR help, it will help to rev things up and give you fresh perspective from another source.

Do hire a PR Agency if you want a first classic look! This of course will come at a hefty price, but it is worth it if the company of your choice does everything top notch. Also, first class agency will tend to get your materials out with much more speed than usual. If you business is related to hospitality jobs for example, your PR person will surely be relating your campaigns to having endorses and tourism sites and destinations as part of it.

Do not hire an agency if you are sure no one else can promote the way you do. If you have a special twist or insight into the industry or your audience, do it yourself. Sometimes, PR firms can get into the rut of doing the same thing. However, if you are always coming up with fresh ideas than just keep on doing it yourself till you get stuck in a PR rut.

How to Select a PR Firm

Selecting a PR firm does not have to be a troubling or stressful endeavor. Here are some key things to look out for when choosing a PR Firm:

Opt for a PR Agency with expertise in your chosen field:

I know this might sound like a no brainier, but Many PR firms will do all types of industries. It is better to hire one who specializes in what you specialize in because they will be way more knowledgeable when putting together your PR information. It will be more thorough and believable.

Do not hire a PR agency with more capabilities than you need:

When starting out in PR unless you have deep pockets you do not need a PR agency with overseas branching, television and radio promotion. Keep it simple to start. Save all that money for a time when your company is well known and it is worth spending a lot of cash. Get someone who can simply write you an amazing PR release kit.

Make sure that the Agency is the right size for you:

Make sure that the PR agency of interests small enough to be interested in working with you in a dynamic way, but large enough to make a significant impact on your PR results.

Ask to see the PR agency’s work:

Anyone can make an awesome website that can cause you to believe that their work is just as awesome as their website! Even customer testimonials are not even enough. How do we really know if they just paid these people to say nice things about their product? Ask to see samples of their work. Seeing is believing in this case. Never just trust what they say unless you have had a long term relationship with them and you trust their judgment. It is your precious time and money that will be wasted if you do not do your homework first.

Check out the personal chemistry:

When you meet or talked to the PR representative how did you feel? Vibes are so important when it comes to making a decision on what firm to go with. When you meet or talk to a rep over the phone you should sense that they are really listening to what you are saying. You should sense that they are honest and will do what the say they are going to do. Lastly, you should just be able to get along with them and enjoy their personality. If non of this is going on than it is probably not the right business match.

Getting the Most out of Hired PR Help

You have worked hard at putting a PR plan of action together and have researched many PR agency’s and you have found the one that is going to work best for you and your company. Here are some tips on getting the most out of your chosen PR agency.

Brief your agency:

Do not just drop off some information and run. Take time to talk to them about the company in general. Talk to them about your target audience; tell them in detail about your products and all its superior benefits. Tell them what your expectations. The more they know about you, the company, the target audience and the product the more their work will please you.

If you decide to use different agency for your advertising needs hold a meeting:

Hold a meeting with both the PR Firm and the Ad agency. In doing this you will only have to hash out all the details once and everyone will get the same information in the same way. I would even record the meeting just for your own record on what was said and not said!

Do not compete with your agency in the creative area:

Say you do not like their creative process in putting together your press kit, do not make them feel bad. Offer up some constructive criticism and return the work so it can be re-done. If you still do not like what was created and you can do it better, fire the company and do it yourself.

Be reasonable about paying:

Many PR firms and freelance writers have it hard because their clients will not pay them or conveniently “forget” to pay them. So many PR firms and freelancers end up going out of business because their own clients cheat them and do not pay for the work that is done. If you want to have a good reputation in the field you better pay fair and pay on time. In the long run such ill practices will come back to punish you and your company with a bad reputation.

Establish and maintain direction in the process:

When working with a PR firm I would suggest having weekly meetings to check in with them to see how thing are going. This helps to make sure that the company is doing what they said they were capable of doing. This also lets you know if they are really keeping on schedule. In these meetings make sure that the direction of the project is staying true to the message of the company and the product.

Integrating PR with the Rest of your Business

In my last few articles I talked about how PR should be apart of the overall marketing of the product. I went over how to do internal and external research of your company, how to come up with a PR plan and how to choose a PR firm if necessary. Now that all that is covered it is time to integrate PR with the rest of your business, consider the following:

PR should always be fully integrated into other forms of marketing when launching a new product or service.

The PR department should always know what is going on in the other marketing arenas. When you have your strategic marketing meetings someone from the PR department should be present.

PR should not be isolated to themselves when working on a project. PR should actually be working side by side with other marketers even if their components are a little different. The more that PR works with the different components of marketing the better the PR plan will be overall.

Every PR manager whether they are full time or part time should the following to keep in tuned to what is going on in the company’s activities:

Read industry trade journals.
Attend all major trade shows at which your company is exhibiting at, the more they go the more relationships they can make to gain more free press.

Make a habit of frequently reviewing the website to make sure everything is up to date and competitive with other company’s websites.

Read all new sales literature that your company produces. The selected PR person can really put in their helpful opinion about the look and content of the literature.

Respond to competitor’s ads and press. Request sales literature from them and learn what they are doing. You can also learn what not to do from a lot of their literature.

Regularly check in with the sales team to see how the product is doing. Find out from them how the customers are responding to the product or the service. Be willing to take the good with the bad and adjust as necessary.

If and when you have free time go with a sales rep to a sales call and see how the product and service is being promoted. Is it being promoted in a way that really gets your message across? If the messages are not getting across in away that is ok with you address the issue with sales rep. The two of you together can work on the presentation of it so that it does match the PR message that you have created.

5 Simple tips to follow for Normal Delivery

5 Simple tips to follow for Normal Delivery

A lot of things are changing in the recent times. We are living in a time where the natural and simple things seem complex and confusing. We are not wondering as to how fruits are genetically altered, but our jaws drop when we see a person looking after his own garden. I can stack this page with a lot of similar examples. The same is the case with pregnancy. Earlier people used to wonder if the issue wasn’t a normal delivery, but these days issues in pregnancy have become quite common, and technology in the field of medicine has gone to the extent of finding alternative treatments instead of finding means to uproot such issues.

But still, we haven’t lost hope. Certain health care tips can prevent a pregnant woman from facing complex issues and help them have a normal delivery.

5 Simple tips to follow for Normal Delivery

Tips for Normal Delivery:

Avoid gaining weight:

Gaining weight is a part of pregnancy. You need not have to panic. Make sure that you fall back to your ideal weight within the first few months of the pregnancy. Women are expected to maintain their ideal weight and stay fit irrespective of whether they are pregnant or not, only to avoid complications during pregnancy. So if you are pregnant, have an eye on your weight, this can help reduce your labour pain and induce normal delivery.

Healthcare Provider:

If it falls within the affordable limit, you can always pick a health care provider who can stay with you all the time and take care of your fitness and wellness routine on a day to day basis. Make sure that the healthcare provider you pick directs her clients to normal delivery. These days it has become quite common to appreciate the idea of caesarean delivery. So beware of who you pick as your healthcare provider.

Simple fitness routine:

Most people get confused and link exercise and weight levels of the person. We aren’t concerned about others, but at least when it comes to a pregnant woman exercise has nothing to do with your weight. If you are pregnant, do not work out with the aim of reducing weight. Remember, simple exercises on a regular basis can help in keeping your bones and joints flexible. This can highly reduce the labour pain. Make sure that you spend some quality time for yoga and meditation.

Refrain from Negative feelings:

As much as possible keep yourself happy all the time. Refrain from anything and everything that can possibly stress you or increase your blood pressure levels. Do not listen to incidents or stories that are scary. This can grossly affect both the mother and the baby. So it is quite important that you have your emotions under control and stay away from anything that is negative.

Prenatal education:

Prenatal education will quite mandatory for all pregnant women. This will help you get the right kind of education regarding the way you have to alter your lifestyle in order to make your gestation period happy and healthy. Prenatal education is one way to kill all the myth and tales that people force into your head. This will also prevent unnecessary fear of pregnancy, labour pain and delivery.

What Do Lions Eat?

Lions are carnivores

They eat many different kinds of animals, known as prey. Lions can eat a lot! Male lions eat an average of 7 kg of food per day and lionesses eat 4.5 kg. Both can eat up to 15% of their body weight during just one meal. For a male, that’s the same as 70 cans of cat food! Lions are known to be greedy and hunt animals even when they are not hungry. When a lion tucks into a juicy zebra and another animal comes near, he often forgets that it will be killed in his zeal to catch more food.
Lions can’t run very fast. With a top speed of 60 kilometers per hour, they are quite slow compared to the 97 km / h of a cheetah.

Also, they can’t run for very long without getting out of breath. For this reason, lions must be smart hunters. By tracking their prey, they can get as close as possible before the hunt begins. Very slowly, crouching close to the ground, lions crawl as close as they can to their victims. To make sure they have not been seen or heard, they may jump very quickly on an animal and take it by surprise.

When hunting smaller animals, lions will often grab onto their prey. By cutting off an animal’s ankle while walking or running from behind, the lion aims to trip it, making it easier to catch. Larger animals are brought down by jumping on their backs. This is usually when the larger, stronger male lions decide to join in.

Although lions can hunt alone, it can be much easier to have a little help. When hunting in a group, each lion has his own place. Just like on a soccer team, they choose either a left, right or center position. If stalking is too difficult, a group of lions may decide to ambush their prey instead.

Running very fast at an animal forces it to run to other lions, or into bushes where it can be caught. Working together like this, lions are much more likely to catch their prey. Lions have even been known to climb trees and jump on unsuspecting elephants as they run underneath!

Although lionesses do most of the hunting while males just sit and watch once an animal is caught, it is the males that always feed first. Lions are good at working together to catch their prey, but they are terrible at sharing it and will fight over their food. Often smaller, weaker lions will starve while the others get fed first. Depending on the size of the kill, they may not get anything at all.

Lions are also scavengers and like to steal food from other animals or eat leftovers after a kill. This means than if other carnivores have caught prey, lions will often bully them into giving up their food.
However, this does not always work with hyenas, which also live in a family group called a clan. If there are more hyenas than lions, they can often hold on to their food. Even the largest hyena clan is no match for a male lion. The king of the jungle always wins!

Lions don’t usually drink much water, but often live near rivers, streams, and watering holes. This is not because they are thirsty, but because they know that predators will come to drink sooner or later. They can wait patiently until dinner. Areas with lots of water often flood, so lions literally have to jump at the deep end to catch their dinner. Because swimming is such good exercise, these lions are often very large and muscular, just like Olympic swimmers!

Where Do Lions Live?

Lion (Panthera leo), large, powerfully built cat (family Felidae), second only to the tiger. The proverbial “king of beasts,” the lion has been one of the most famous wild animals since earliest times. Lions are most active at night and live in a variety of habitats, but prefer grassland, savanna, dense scrub and open forest. Historically, they ranged throughout much of Europe, Asia, and Africa, but are now found primarily in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. An isolated population of about 650 Asiatic lions forms a somewhat smaller breed that lives under strict protection in India’s Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary.

The lion is a well-muscled cat with a long body, large head and short legs. Size and appearance vary considerably between the sexes. The prominent feature of the male is his mane, which varies between different individuals and populations. It may be completely absent; it may fringe the face; or it may be full and shaggy, covering the back of the head, neck, and shoulders and continuing onto the neck and chest to join a fringe along the belly. In some lions, the mane and fringe are very dark, almost black, giving the cat a majestic appearance. Manes make males look larger and can be used to intimidate rivals or impress potential mates. An adult male is about 6-7 feet (1.8-2.1 meters) long, not including the 1-meter tail; stands about 3 feet (1.2 meters) tall at the shoulder and weighs 370-500 pounds (170-230 kg). The female, or lioness, is smaller, with a body length of 1.5 meters (5 feet), a shoulder height of 0.9-1.1 meters (3 feet), and a weight of 120-180 kilograms (1,000-2,000 pounds). The lion’s coat is short and varies in color from buff yellow, orange-brown or silvery gray to dark brown, with a tuft at the tip of the tail that is usually darker than the rest of the coat.


Lions are unique among cats in that they live in a group, or Pride. Members of a pride usually spend the day in several scattered groups that may unite to hunt or share a meal. A pride consists of several generations of lionesses, some of whom are related, a smaller number of breeding males, and their cubs. The group may consist of up to 4 or up to 37 members, but about 15 is the average size. Each pride has a well-defined territory consisting of a core area that is strictly defended against intruding lions and a fringe area where some overlap is tolerated. Where prey is abundant, an area can be as small as 20 square kilometers (8 square miles), but when game is sparse, it can cover up to 400 square kilometers. Some Prides have been known for decades to use the same territory and pass the territory between females. Lions proclaim their territory by roaring and by scent marking. Their distinctive roar is usually delivered the night before a night hunt and again before rising at dawn. Males also announce their presence by urinating on bushes, trees, or simply on the ground, leaving a pungent scent. Defecation and rubbing on bushes leave different scent markings.


Lions hunt a variety of animals ranging from rodents and baboons to African buffalo and hippopotamus, but predominantly hunt medium to large ungulates such as wildebeest, zebra, and antelope. Prey preferences vary geographically as well as between neighboring countries. Lions have been known to take elephants and giraffes, but only if the individual is young or particularly sick. They readily eat any meat they can find, including carrion and fresh kills that they intercept or forcibly steal from hyenas, cheetahs, or wild dogs. Female lions, living in open savannas, do most of the hunting, while males usually get their meals from the female’s kills. However, male lions are also skilled hunters and hunt frequently in some areas. Proud males in scrub or forested habitat spend less time with females and hunt most of their own meals. Nomadic males must always secure their own food.
Although a group of hunting lions is potentially nature’s most formidable predator on land, a high proportion of their hunts fail. The cats pay no attention to wind direction (which can carry their scent to their prey), and they tire after short distances. Typically, they stalk prey from close cover and then break out to get it in a short running, quick rush. After pouncing on the prey, the lion leaps at its neck and bites until the animal is strangled. Other members of the pride quickly scramble to feed on the kill, Usually fighting for access. Hunts are sometimes conducted in groups, with members of a pride circling a herd or approaching it from opposite directions and then approaching a kill in the resulting panic. The cats typically gorge themselves and then rest near them for several days. An adult may consume more than 34 kg of meat in a single meal and rest for a week before resuming the hunt. When prey is abundant, both sexes typically spend 21 to 22 hours a day resting, sleeping, or sitting and hunting for only 2 or 3 hours a day.

Reproduction and life cycle

Both sexes are polygamous and breed year-round, but females are usually restricted to the one or two adult males of their pride. In captivity, lions often breed every year, but in the wild they usually breed no more than once every two years. Females are receptive to mating for three or four days within a largely variable reproductive cycle. During this time, a pair generally mates every 20-30 minutes with up to 50 copulations per 24 hours. Such prolonged copulation not only stimulates ovulation in the female, but also ensures paternity for the male by excluding other males. The gestation period is about 108 days, and litter size varies from one to six young; two to four are common.

Newborn cubs are helpless and blind and have thick fur with dark spots that usually disappear with maturity. Young can follow their mothers at about three months of age and are weaned by six or seven months. They begin participating in kills by 11 months, but probably cannot survive on their own until they are two years old. Although lionesses care for cubs other than their own, they are surprisingly inattentive mothers and often leave their cubs alone for up to 24 hours. There is a correspondingly high mortality rate (e.g., 86 percent in the Serengeti), but survival rates improve after the second year of life. In the wild, sexual maturity is reached at three or four years of age. Some female cubs remain within the pride when they reach sexual maturity, but others are forced and join other prides or migrate as nomads. Male boys are forced out of the pride at about age three and become nomads until they are old enough to try to take over another pride (after age five). Many adult males remain nomads for life. Mating opportunities for nomadic males are rare, and competition between male lions to defend a pride’s territory and mate with pride females is fierce. Cooperative partnerships of two to four males are more successful at maintaining tenure with a pride than individuals, and larger coalitions father more surviving offspring per male. Small coalitions typically include related men, while larger groups often include independent individuals. When a new cohort of males is able to take over a pride, they will attempt to kill young boys sired by their predecessors. This has the effect of shortening the time before the boys’ mothers are ready to mate again. Females try to prevent this infanticide by hiding or directly defending their cubs; lionesses are generally more successful at protecting older cubs because they would leave the pride sooner. In the wild, lions rarely live more than 8 to 10 years, mainly due to attacks by humans or other lions or the effects of kicks and blows from intended prey. In captivity, they may live 25 years or longer.

Conflicts with humans, especially herders, outside parks are a major problem, and humans living in parks remain the predominant source of mortality for most populations. In 1994, for example, a variant of canine distemper caused the deaths of an estimated 1,000 lions in Serengeti National Park. The apparent source of the virus was domestic dogs living along the periphery of the park. Despite these challenges, lion populations are healthy in many African reserves and in Gir, and they are a major tourist attraction. However, high population densities of lions can be a problem, not only for local ranchers, but also for the cheetah and African wild dog-critically endangered carnivores that lose their kills, cubs, and lives to lions.

The genus Panthera includes leopards, jaguars and tigers as well as lions. In captivity, lions were made to mate with other big cats. The offspring of a lion and a tigress is called a liger; that of a tiger and a lioness, a tigon; that of a leopard and a lioness, a leopon. However, the cat known as the mountain lion (see Puma) is a new world member of the genus Puma.

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